KNOPPIX is a bootable Live system on CD, DVD or USB flash drives. It consists of a representative collection of GNU/Linux software, automatic hardware detection. Also it support for many graphics cards, sound cards, SCSI and USB devices and other peripherals.
You can use the KNOPPIX as a productive Linux system for the desktop, educational CD, rescue system. Also you can adapt and use it as a platform for commercial software product demos. It automatically detects and supports a wide range of graphics adapters, sound cards, USB devices and other peripheral devices.
It’s not necessary to install anything on fixed disk. Because of its transparent decompression, up to 2 GB of executable software can be present on a CD, and up to 10 GB on a single layered DVD.
A.D.R.I.A.N.E. (Audio Desktop Reference Implementation And Networking Environment) is a talking menu system, which is supposed to make work and internet access easier for computer beginners, even if they have no sight contact to the computers monitor.
A graphical environment with also talking programs and arbitrary magnification using compiz-fusion, is another option.
KNOPPIX has included software:
Depending on your choice of CD or DVD, a variety of software packages from the Debian software repositories (www.debian.org) is installed.
The CD version contains at least:
- LXDE as the standard desktop,
- Open Office,
- the Firefox WWW browser,
- GNU Image Manipulation Program GIMP,
- MPlayer Multimedia System,
- Internet-access software for (W)LAN, modem, isdn, umts/gprs,
- Tools for data rescue, network analysis and system repair.
The DVD version contains additional software packages for office productivity as well as software development and engineering (various programming languages and development environments), education and gaming.
In order to start from CD, DVD or USB flash disk, adjust the boot selection menu or your computers BIOS setup in order to start from the desired device. Everything else works (almost) automatically.
In the USB flash disk variant, it is possible to store your own settings and additionally installed software permanently via “overlay”, so that the system behaves just like a “real harddisk” installation.
New: For computers that cannot start directly from USB, there is a “boot only” CD variant available. You can use it together with a previously created KNOPPIX USB flash drive. Using this boot CD, the system starts from CD drive first, and then switches and continues to run on the USB flash drive.
- Updated Kernel and System software (Debian buster+sid),
- LXDE, the lightweight Knoppix standard desktop including file manager pcmanfm 1.3.1.
- Gnome 3 (Bootoption
- KDE 5 (
- Accessible → Adriane Audio Desktop.
- Wine 4.0 prerelease for directly installing and running Windows applications on Linux, also Windows 10.
- Qemu-kvm 3.1 as scriptable virtualization solution.
- Privacy-enhanced tor browser, upgradeable and startable via the Knoppix-menu.
- Web-Browser Chromium 76.0.3809.87, Firefox 68.0.1 with ad blocker Ublock Origin and Noscript.
- Libre Office 6.3.0-rc2, Gimp 2.10.8.
- Maths/Algebra-Software for teachers, solving equations etc.: Maxima 5.42.1 with direct integration of Maxima sessions into Texmacs, creating documentation directly during live lessions.
- 3D Productivity-Software Blender 2.79.b, Freecad 0.18, Meshlab 1.3.2, Open Scad 2015.03 (→ Bugs) for 3D Prototyping, Slic3r 1.3 for layering 3D prints.
- Virtualization and Container functions for experimenting: “Knoppix in Knoppix – KVM” (fully virtualized), “Knoppix in Docker” (integrated 64bit Docker environment), “Knoppix in Chroot” (builds a chroot container by symlinks)
- Video editing & Productivity: kdenlive 18.12.3, openshot 2.4.3, photofilmstrip 3.7.1, obs-studio 22.0.3
- Mediathekview 13.2.1
- OwnCloud 2.5.1 and NextCloud 2.5.1 Clients
- E-Book Manager calibre 3.39.1
- Game Engine godot3 3.0.6
- Audio/Video transcoder: RipperX 2.8.0, Handbrake 1.2.2,
- UpnP-Streaming: gerbera 1.1.0
- Automatic resizing of the Overlay-Partition without Reboot (!) even after 1:1 copying to USB flash disk (see → Hybrid Partition Layout),
- Remastering-Option when copying to USB flash disk by
- Terminator (Terminal-Emulator with many features),
- → support for UEFI Secure Boot
Homepage – http://knopper.net/knoppix/
- Intel/AMD-compatible CPU (i486 and up),
- RAM: at least 200 MB for the graphical desktop. Recommended for working with various office applications: 500MB RAM,
- a bootable CD-ROM/DVD drive (IDE/ATAPI/SATA, Firewire, USB), or USB flash disk,
- a standard SVGA-compatible graphics chipset,
- PS/2 or USB Mouse.